Water is the source of all life. It is what makes the world go round, the vegetation and plants grow, what keeps the animals alive, what forms our bodies and our foods. And yet, humans’ relationship with water was not always the way it is now. Today’s technology and advancement has made water filtration systems much more sophisticated and efficient than they were in the past. Because it is such an essential part of life, it stands to reason that as humans have developed, so has our relationship with water and our ability to better utilize it. Even in ancient civilizations, water was a necessity and so the early origins of water filtration begin there.
Since the beginning of human history, clusters of civilization have gathered around water sources. All settlements, traditionally, have built their villages, towns, and communities around a reliable source of water that would provide them with all the necessities that water provides. Water treatment actually goes all the way back to 2000 BC.
According to some accounts, there are ancient writings in Sanskrit and Ancient Greek that illustrate methods for water treatment. This means that cleaning water has been a priority for civilizations for thousands of years. These ancient peoples, of course, did not have the precise bio measures that we have today when it comes to identifying exact levels of chemical contamination of microorganisms. It is said that the Egyptians discovered coagulation around 1500 BC. The healing powers of water were first discussed by Hippocrates. He created the first bag filter, which removed sediments that gave water a bad smell or taste.
Then came the aqueducts…
In the 7th century BC the Assyrians figured out how to build a structure that could carry water over long distances. The Romans then took this concept and improved on it. Once aqueducts were started around 300-200 BC, the idea of running water through a community that provides clean water supply was born. This was the beginning of our modern piping system. Aqueducts were a system of ditches, canals, tunnels, and all of the supporting structures that allow water to be carried from its source point to its destination.
Over the span of about 500 years, Rome built about 250 miles of these aqueducts. This supplied the great civilization of Rome with its water needs for many years and many of them were built underground—the Romans had figured out that keeping the water supply underground helped keep it cleaner and away from everyday pollution. Remnants of these aqueducts remain today and can be seen in places like Spain, Turkey, and Germany. Around the same time, the well-known Archimedes invented what was called the Archimedes screw. It was a pipe in the form of a screw that would pump the water up from below and carry it upward.
Like many things in the Middle Ages, water treatment faded and lost some of its sophistication. Many of these aqueducts were neglected and forgotten once the Roman Empire collapsed.
It wasn’t until about 1627 that Sir Francis Bacon picked up where civilization had left off in terms of water treatment. The first water filters made from charcoal and other materials began around the 1700. The first municipal water treatment plant in Scotland came about the 1800s. In the late 1800s, an outbreak of cholera spread through water in places like England. The observation that the outbreak was far less severe in places with some water filtration in place was not lost on people. Once it was discovered that the cholera spread through the water, people could tackle the problem directly. The British scientists John Snow found that chlorine could be used to purify water. The use of chlorination became a popular form of water purification.
As the 20th century rolled around, most developed countries had established regulations for water. Modern technology allows us to effectively eliminate the majority of harmful substances from drinking water.
Now fast forward to the year 2020 and the first quarter of the 21st century. A lot has changed in civilization but our need for clean water remains. The good thing is that today’s technology and advancements have allowed us to create sophisticated filtration systems for industries and commercial sites alike. This means they can handle a lot more, are heavy duty, and reliable. Get the best equipment here and take care of your water.
Clowe and Cowan has been a reliable name in water treatment for decades. We serve you with the industrial and municipal needs. Our water filtration systems are the best in the international market. We do small and large industries and carry only the top brands. Our industrial equipment is high-grade and top-of-the-line. Call us today for your water filtration needs.